Matryoshka - Soviet leaders

Matryoshka - Soviet leaders

93 euro

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Matryoshka (Nesting dolls) - Soviet leaders - product description

  • Depicted on the matryoshka Soviet leaders - Lenin, Stalin, Khrushchev, Brezhnev and Gorbachev
  • Height: 17 cm
  • Material: wood
  • Number of dolls: 5 PCs
  • Manufacturer: Russia
  • Packing: without packaging

The history of dolls

Matryoshka — a set of detachable wooden dolls of decreasing size nested within each other.

The first matryoshka was created by wood Turner Basil Zvezdochkin work in the workshop "Children's education" A. Mamontov in Abramtsevo. The idea of creating Dolls was inspired by the Russian masters figurine Japanese God of wisdom Fukuruma imported from Japan from the island of Honshu to the wife of Mamontov. It was a figure of good-natured bald old man sage - Fukuruma. It was a few nested one inside another wooden figurines.

The name "matryoshka" is a Russian souvenir toy got popular at that time female name Matryona. Matryoshka is a diminutive form of the popular female name Matrona, which is based on the Latin root "mother". To this day Matryoshka is a symbol of motherhood and fertility.

The birthplace of the Russian nesting doll is considered the town of Sergiev Posad, as there was made the first matryoshka. The most popular matryoshka Semenovskaya is considered today, also known Polkhovsky, Vyatka dolls and Zagorskie. The dolls differ in the painting, and the name of the painting given by city name or village in which it was invented.

How dolls are made

In 1900 at the world exhibition in Paris Russian folk nesting Dolls won a bronze medal and became widely popular in Russia and abroad. The toys were made in several factories, the most famous of which still remain Sergiev Posad and Semenov.

Manufacture of dolls requires a lot of experience and skill. Dolls made of Linden, aspen, alder and birch. Trees are cut down in April when they are filled with juice and then dried for 2-3 years.

It is important that the entire set of dolls was made from a single tree trunk. First make the smallest doll, which does not open, and which will determine the shape and size of all subsequent.

After drying and polishing the dolls to the paint begins the artist. As used gouache paints, watercolor, tempera, oil paint sometimes. Then the dolls are covered with a protective layer. The best quality painted dolls are covered with at least 5 layers of lacquer.

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